The play Hamlet by William Shakespeare illustrates the tragedy of revenge between characters in different perceptions through their actions.
In entire of the story, melancholic Hamlet tries to revenge for his father that has been kill by his uncle King Claudius. However, the situation changes when Hamlet killed Polonius by accident. At first, Hamlet may want to find evidence to prove whether Claudius is the one who kills his father or not because he wasn’t too sure about it. As it states that,
GHOST. Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder.
GHOST. Murder most foul, as in the best it is; But this most foul, strange and unnatural.
HAMLET. Haste me to know’t, that I, with wings as swift. As meditation of love, may sweep to my revenge. (1.5.24-30)
The ghost strongly questions Hamlet about if he loves his father enough he will eventually revenge for him. Hamlet said to the ghost that he would love to create a revenge so he suspects if King Claudius is the one who murders his father. He decided to take it slowly because he still
prove his love through revenge. In addition, he asked the ghost to tell him about how did King Hamlet get murder. Hamlet attempt to take things slowly and carefully in order to revenge king Claudius in the period of time that he may suffer by depression. “How strange or odd some’er I bear myself / As I perchance hereafter shall think meet / To put an antic disposition on,” said Hamlet. (1.5.177-179) Hamlet notices that king Claudius kill his father and he starts to take the next step to revenge. He tells Horatio that he pretends to be mad; although he isn’t actually maddening such as from the quote “You are a fishmonger, says Hamlet.” Hamlet pretends to act that he doesn’t remember who is Polonius and calling him ‘fishmongers.’ From this, Polonius and Claudius tends to conclude that he has been insane.
Nevertheless, Hamlet just wants to make Claudius feel guilty about things he did by asking the actors to perform situation that demonstrates how the past king Hamlet has died. The turning point in this act is when Hamlet said: “To be or not to be—that is the question: / Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, / Or to take arms against a sea of troubles.” (3.1. 59-61) It explained about mortality in life, Hamlet is asking questions about the right of living life over death in terms of moral. Hamlet tries to weigh between benefits of suicide and the downside of ending his own life. He wonders in nature ‘deep sleep’ seems to be better than death which emphasized that he is quite confused and lose his focus in life. Hamlet has uncertain thoughts and feelings toward his odd personality. He weighs up between continuing in his own path or ends his path in order to make the decision he needs to consider about revenge for his father. To sum up, Hamlet is fulfilled with anger and suspect that Claudius murdered his father, however, he wasn’t too sure about who is killer. Hamlet aims to revenge for his dead father’s slowly because he is constantly trapped in mercy, fear and doubt about the supernatural. Moreover, he wants to make sure that every step in his plan come out perfectly in order to reduce flaws. Owing to the fact that firstly he is so unsure and unprepared about how would he revenge for his father. He curiously questions whether he could send Claudius to suffer from unbearable experience and send his father to enjoy the supreme happiness. However, he is thinking if he murders Claudius he might need to admit his sin for murder. At the end, Hamlet left with nothing in life; Ophelia his girlfriend has committed suicide because of madness when she lost her father and Hamlet mother’s Gertrude remarried with his uncle. In some phenomena, there are similarities among Hamlet and Laertes which can be shown by they are both hurts by the loss of late King Hamlet and Polonius which are their fathers. Laertes quickly return back to Denmark and said to Claudius and Gertrude that “How came he dead? I’ll not be juggled with. / To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil! / Conscience and grace, to the profoundest pit! / I dare damnation. To this point I stand, / That both the worlds I give to negligence, / Let come what comes, only I’ll be revenged / Most thoroughly for my father.” (4.5.130-136) In contrast to Hamlet, after Laertes notices that his father’s Polonius dead, he quickly comeback from France. In addition, He said that he agrees to revenge for his father and Laertes is totally cover by his anger. It is obvious that Laertes love Polonius so much that he immediately takes action. In spite of Hamlet, Claudius conveys Laertes to revenge Hamlet by operate with him and create a plan for murder Hamlet. Firstly, by stab Hamlet with a poison sword. Moreover, if this plan is not successful Claudius has back up plan as well; he will force Hamlet to drink poison cup of wine. Hamlet said that “Does it not, think’st thee, stand me now upon – / He that hath kill’d my king and whored my mother, / Popp’s in between the election and my hopes, / Thrown out his angle for my proper life, / And with such cozenage – isn’t not perfect conscience, / To quit him with this arm? And isn’t not be damn’d, / To ket this canker of our nature come / In further evil?” (5.2.65-71) Hamlet question to Claudius that, he is not only murder his father and re-married with his father but also limit his right to go aboard to continue study in Wittenberg which cause him frustration. Hamlet struggle to say that Claudius is the one who determine his life by sending him on the ship journey to England. So, isn’t it right for Hamlet to murder Claudius with the sword. On the way, Hamlet rethink about how he comeback to revenge for his father but the situation is unpredictable. When Hamlet ask actors to perform, he sees that Claudius feel guilty. Lastly, he saw letter that Claudius order someone to murder him which affirms that Claudius wants to avenge him while Claudius still be able to keep himself in the position. Laertes says, “To cut his throat I’ th’ church.” (4.7.103) Laertes inform that he willing to kill someone because he thinks that he already cogitates comparing to Hamlet when he sees Claudius praying he feels that if he kills him the sin will occur. Things Laertes decides to do is the things that Hamlet ignore to do which can directly appeals to other emotions. Hamlet actions can be influence people in reality that while he’s taking risk of avenge there is a moment which he realizes about the sin of murder people.
The action of revenging can happen in everyone lives but it determines on whether you will decide to create that action or not.