The N. Cooper who is the Boas professor of

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (UNFCCC). The Kyoto Protocol is based on the scientific theory of global warming. Global warming is the gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere caused by the increased levels of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. The protocol was created in Kyoto, Japan on December 11, 1997. The goal of the Kyoto Protocol is to lower the overall emissions from six greenhouse gases (United Nations Environmental Program). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has registry systems and compliance systems on each country that are committed to reduce greenhouse gases. Registry systems track and record transactions by parties under the mechanism. A compliance system ensures that the parties meet their commitments and helps them do so if they are having a problem (UNFCCC). An additional system to track and record transitions is the international trading system. This system allows countries to earn credits by reducing greenhouse gas emissions that are not in their own country. The two largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions are the United States and China. However, the United States dropped out of the Kyoto Protocol in 2001. Some Harvard scientists and economists who study climate change have criticisms of the Kyoto Protocol. They say that the protocol is economically inefficient and fails to include carbon dioxide emissions, which is the largest future source of gas emissions. Richard N. Cooper who is the Boas professor of international economics says “The protocol fails to include the largest future sources of CO2 emissions. China, for example, will pass the U.S. in annual emissions of CO2 by 2013” (Harvard Magazine). There are many more problems with the Protocol. Steven C. Wofsy who is a professor of atmospheric and environmental science, says that “it the Kyoto Protocol gives credit for planting forests to sequester carbon, but in a way that provides economic incentives to destroy wetlands, with concomitant releases of CO2 in excess of what a forest might sequester” (Harvard magazine). Greenpeace is an organization based on the Kyoto Protocol. It has many programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to help the environment. Greenpeace is a global independent campaigning organization that uses peaceful protests to expose global environmental problems (Greenpeace). Greenpeace was established in 1971 to make the world a better place to live in. It promotes solutions that are essential to maintain a healthy environment. Annie Leonard, the Greenpeace executive director in the United States, says “We use non-violent confrontation to raise the level and quality of public debate” (Greenpeace). Greenpeace has five primary program: trying to halt climate change, protect oceans, saving forests, achieving disarmament and peace, and reducing toxic materials in products. They try to halt climate change by using solar powered, wind powered, and biofuels instead of carbon trading and carbon taxes. Greenpeace also protects oceans by protecting aquatic animals from hunters and pollution. They save forests by stopping to cut down trees. Another program that Greenpeace has is achieving disarmament and peace. They try do this by stopping nuclear testing. The fifth program is reducing toxic materials in products. Greenpeace does this by making recyclable electronics. The Worldwatch Institute is another organization based on the Kyoto Protocol. Worldwatch Institute has many programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to help the environment. Worldwatch Institute was founded in 1974 by Lester Brown who was devoted to make the world have better global conditions to live in (Worldwatch Institute). Worldwatch Institute has partners all over the world. Worldwatch Institute has three main programs which help the world become a better place to live in, in their own way. These three programs are: Climate and Energy, Food and Agriculture, and Environment and Society. First, Worldwatch Institute has a program named Climate and Energy. The aim of this program is to decarbonize the global economy, spur innovation, job creation, and to reduce local environmental pollution. The second program is Food and Agriculture which helps the way people eat and farm. This program benefits the farmers, consumers, and ecosystems because they grow fruits that adapt to the shifting weather patterns and still fit the needs of the expanding population. The third program is Environment and Society which transforms economies, cultures, and societies into a more livable environment. Societies degrade their environment which causes disruptions in earth’s climate (Worldwatch Institute).There are many similarities between Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute. Both Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute use renewable resources as an energy source instead of non-renewable resources. Another similarity is that the purposes of Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are to promote solutions that are essential to have a peaceful life. Both of them have programs which save the forests because trees take in carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are also similar because their relationship to Kyoto protocol is the same. The Kyoto protocol is an international treaty that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and both Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are organizations which help reduce gas emissions. Both Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute’s goals are to promote a sustainable world.Even though there are many similarities between Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute, there are also many differences. Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning organization that acts to change attitudes and behavior, to protect and conserve the environment and to promote peace. The Worldwatch Institute aims to inform policymakers and the public about the links between the world economy and its environmental support systems. Worldwatch Institute only brings these problems to the attention of the public and informs them what to do, unlike Greenpeace which actually has people to act on the problem. In addition, for research Greenpeace brings together diverse perspectives, communities and individuals  and use communication to help save the environment. Worldwatch Institute takes findings, ideas and data that were collected and analyzed to produce reports, newsletters and online (Worldwatch Institute). Finally, Greenpeace has a large program that focuses on disarming weapons. Worldwatch Institute does not have any such program that deals with these issues. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute address the Kyoto Protocol in many ways. The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are organizations which help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. They both try to get people to use renewable resources like solar powered, wind powered, or biofuel instead of non-renewable resources like fossil fuels, oil, or coal. The Kyoto Protocol gets countries to commit to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while Greenpeace is an organization within many countries that actually acts on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Worldwatch Institute is an organization that has partners in many countries all over the world that informs the public how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and why people should. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute help the Kyoto Protocol become a success.If I were to donate money to either Greenpeace or Worldwatch Institute, I would donate to Greenpeace. Greenpeace is an organization which actually acts on these problems. Worldwatch Institute only informs the public by producing reports and writing newsletters. Greenpeace is a very large organization which  actually engaged with companies even governments to help bring change to fix the problem. Greenpeace has a reputation of helping the environment efficiently since 1971. Both Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are great organizations but I think that Greenpeace is more efficient than Worldwatch Institute.The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty that commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It is based on the scientific theory of global warming. The goal of the Kyoto Protocol is to lower the overall emissions from six greenhouse gases. There are many problems with the Kyoto Protocol. Harvard scientists say that the protocol is economically inefficient and fails to include the largest future source of carbon dioxide emissions. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are organizations based on the Kyoto Protocol. They both have many programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to help the environment. There are many similarities and differences between Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute. One similarity is that the main mission of Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute  are to use renewable resources as an energy source instead of non-renewable resources. One difference is Greenpeace is an independent global campaigning organization that acts to change attitudes and behavior, to protect and conserve the environment and to promote peace. The Worldwatch Institute aims to inform policymakers and the public about the links between the world economy and its environmental support systems. Worldwatch Institute only brings these problems to the attention of the public and informs them what to do, unlike Greenpeace which actually has people to act on the problem. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute address the Kyoto Protocol in many ways. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are organizations which help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. They both try to get people to use renewable resources like solar powered, wind powered, or biofuel instead of non-renewable resources like fossil fuels, oil, or coal. Greenpeace and Worldwatch Institute are two very big factors for the success of the Kyoto Protocol.