Assessment of Pakistani individual for Diabetes in a resource constraint
Abdul Basit, Asher Fawwad, Musarrat Riaz, Bilal Tahir, Maria Khalid, Abdul
Aim: Assessment of Pakistani individuals who are
at risk of developing diabetes using a RAPID (risk assessment of Pakistani
individuals for diabetes) score.
Methodology: This observational study was a sub-analysis
of National Diabetes Survey of Pakistan (NDSP)conducted from 2016-2017 in all
provinces of Pakistan. Ethical approval was obtained from National Bioethics
Committee (NBC) Pakistan RAPID score, a validated and published scoring scale
to assess risk of diabetes, originally developed from community-based surveys
was used. The risk score is assessed by parameters namely; age, waist to hip
ratio and positive family history of the disease. Subjects with score greater ?
4 is considered at risk of DM. Information regarding social-demography and
anthropometric measures, were obtained by a designed questionnaire on one-to-one
interview bases by survey officers. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package
for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.
Results: A total of 4905 individuals were assessed,
of which (n=2205) were male and (n=2700) were female. Mean age of participants
was 41.82 ± 14.19 years. Significant differences between males and
females were observed in BMI (p