Planning how the national planning policy framework deems a

    Planning and Land Use





Joe Gertler

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1.1  Introduction

1.2  Settlement under

1.3 Housing Affordability

1.4  Planning Policies

1.5  Development Management

1.6  Proposal Appendix

1.7  Conclusion














































This report outlines a city I selected that
I perceived under pressure for growth and development. It also conveys the way
the national planning policy framework operates and the use of planning
applications approval in order to build on land. In my report I use an example
in Manchester, which expresses how the national planning policy framework deems
a proposals to be approved and how the proposal further expresses the pressure
for growth and development in the city. Furthermore, my report shows how the
national planning policy framework and local plans collaborate to ensure
sustainable development across the county.




The city I feel is under pressure for
growth and development is the city of Greater Manchester. It has the biggest
population increase after London, by 2021; the population is expected to be 532,000,
which is a 5.8% increase from 2011. The council reported 4,000 new homes are
constructed each year, however 10,000 are required. This clearly shows the imbalance,
which will inevitably lead to a large proportion of the population homeless.
Its projected that there could be 1,500 more families then homes in 2026; by
2037 it could rise to more than 9,400 families. This clearly shows the pressure
for housing and how important development is needed.  Several sites around Manchester have been identified,
capable of building 48,000 homes. This would be enough for the coming 5 years,
however it isn’t sustainable for the long term.



 Due to people not being able to afford housing, there has
been a rise in the number of rentals. However, even still the rental price is
ever increasing due to high demand for housing. Furthermore, it creates a lot
of concern for younger generations as first time buyers may find it extremely
challenging to find accomation. According to the Manchester evening news
Manchester has been identified as the North West’s top ‘homelessness’ hotspot’.
This therefore puts a massive strain on the government and local councils to
find solutions to prevent this from getting out of hand. Something has to be
done in order to increase the supply of housing or capping rental prices in
order to make it more affordable for people. However, the government cant just
build houses, there is a protocol the local council must follow.




The Governments planning policy is found in
the National Planning Policy Framework. This contains the national planning
issues, such as residential or retail. Decisions and local planning policies on
planning applications must comply with what the national planning policy
framework expresses about different types of land use. A local plan helps plan
for future development in a sustainable way. Weather planning applications can
be approved or not are determined though the local planning system. The country
has a plan-led system approach of development meaning each local planning authority
much assembles a local plan. The plan consists of every local planning policy
in that area and every planning application much follow these guidelines. A new
style of local plan was introduced in 2004 replacing the old style. Local plans
prepared prior the 2004 act are different to those after the act was in
place.  The pre-2004 documents
contained one document containing every local planning policy and also the
proposals map. The 2004 act introduced the approach for a ‘folder of
documents’. Local plans by law must contain proposal maps, site allocations and
the core strategy helping to implement the guidelines for determining planning
applications and forthcoming developments in the area. The documents included
in the local plan should contain policies and proposals about spatial planning
and land use in the area. Having a good local plan provides an array of
advantages to the city and its economy. The benefits of having an up-to-date
and clear local plan provide certainty to potential investors as they gain
confidence to commit to Manchester. More investments lead to more jobs likely
being available. However, if people come to Manchester for work, housing will
be demanded linking to the housing crisis.  In addition, it clarifies the councils approach to
development and creates a clear protocol for the council and prospective


High pressure for housing creates a problem
for the council and the planning policy. Houses cannot be built everywhere and
anywhere. In order to meet this serge in demand, planning permission is needed
in order to build on land. When developing any type of land, planning
permission is required according to the Town and County Planning Act 1990.
Planning permission ensures developments are in the public interest. It takes
into account the benefits and drawbacks of factors such as economic,
environmental and social. Failing to obtain planning permission can result in
the council enforcing an order to undo the building work. Evidently, this costs
time and money and can easily be avoided if planning permission is obtained
prior to commencement of the building work.




The serge in demand for housing is due to
80,000 people moving to the city between 2001 and 2011. This leads to a massive
rise in the prices for housing due to little supply, infect its increased
faster than any other city in England. The average price for a house increased
by 8.4% in comparison with the same month a year ago. This leads to people not
being able to afford housing making them in need of council housing. The number
of people waiting to get council housing has doubled since 1997. The figures
suggest the waiting list has risen from 50,466 in 1997 to 102,025 last year. Greater
Manchester’s reputation is internationally competitive prompting fast growing
employment sectors and prominent education systems helping to retain working
people. In order to support the continued growth, Manchester needs a variety of
affordable housing products across all housing types. Social housing is when a
property is let at low rents on a secure basis for those who are struggling
with housing costs. An application on the 16th of December 2014 proposed
recent plot of land at the junction of Bury Old Road & Middleton Road,
Crumpsall, Manchester, M8 4HE be turned in social housing. The application was
for the erection of 15 no. 2-3 storey dwelling houses with associated car
parking, landscaping and boundary treatment. The application was determined in
a positive and proactive manner. No significant problems arose during the
consideration for the application.  It was approved on the basis that the proposal accords with
policies DM1, SP1, H3, T2 and EN1 of the Manchester Core Strategy and the
National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). There are no material considerations
of sufficient weight to indicate otherwise.

The location of the proposal is perfect for
people who work in town due to a short travel commute.





Appendix 1: This picture shows the proposed
housing clearly from a birds eye view, making it easy to distinguish the layout
and the scale of this project.




Appendix 2: This picture outlines the floor
plan for three of the properties making it easy to visualize the project. It
also makes it easier for developers to make an adjustments where necessary
allowing the project to have more chance of being a success.




Appendix 3: This outlines what the
properties will look like face on. It also helps to understand the shape and
height of each house.




Appendix 5

This is a street view taken from the
internet making it easier to visualize the scale of the project. The project is
located on a main road, which leads directly into the city centre. Furthermore,
a bus stop is clearly visible on the side where the project is; making is easy
for residents commute. The appendix also shows a map of the area, outlining
neighboring building and other road links.







This project therefore fits the guidelines
of the NPPF as it helps to “building a strong, competitive economy”. It creates
affordable housing for working people who may not previously been able to
afford housing close to town. This project encourages people to get jobs in
town due to the close commute therefore helping to boost the economy. This may
act as a multiplier effect leading to more projects being approved due to the
positive effects its likely to bring to the economy. Furthermore, it helps to
reduce the amount of people without housing therefore improving the local
community and society as a whole. The NPPF also explains the need for
‘affordable housing in the housing market’, another reason explaining why the
planning application was a success.