In the beginning, not the creation of the planet, but when the Native Americans inhabited this land known as North America, they were dispersed all around the land. The very land that we are walking on now. When the English came over they brought all types of diseases and illnesses, that caused the Native American population to decrease. After year and years of being pushed away from their land, one event caused their population to drop drastically. This event is called the Trail of Tears, and the name came from a Choctaw Chief who was interviewed. The Choctaw tribe was one of the Five Civilized Tribes that was immediately impacted by this movement during the 1800’s. Starting with the Choctaw culture, they were taught to share from a young age and to not be greedy. Believe it or not, the women in this tribe were or are like some of the women in modern society. The Choctaw women responsibilities, or Chata ohyo im isht ahalaid, was to be the foundation of the community. They were known as life givers, homeowners, agricultural producers and domestic activities. When the women got married, the family of the woman would help them build their house, but if the woman and the husband were to get a divorce, the woman would put the husband out with all of his belongings. The Choctaws had two houses -chukkas- to live in, one for the summer and one for the winter. During the summer, their homes didn’t have walls, which was their way of having air conditioning. During the winter. Their homes had walls to keep them warm. May 28, 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, but on September 30, 1830, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek removed the Choctaw from land east of the Mississippi River in exchange for the land in Oklahoma and money. The newly founded Bureau of Indian Affairs did not plan the removal trip to Oklahoma well. There were delays, food shortages, and exposure of the elements, including a blizzard in Arkansas during the first phase. The Choctaws claimed the proceeds of their ceded territory and other claims being persistently urged them in connection therewith after negotiations, which it is unnecessary to particularize, the matter was finally referred to the Senate of the U.S for adjudication. A reference to this report also to the memorial and supplemental statement of P.P. Pitchlynn, Choctaw delegate, will show the data of the present more condensed settlements. The money was given in full on account of the House Committee on Indian Affairs already mentioned. The amount of money given summed up to $2,981- 247.30.After years and years of being pushed away from their land, one event caused their population to drop drastically. This event was called the Trail of Tears, the name came from a Choctaw Chief who was interviewed.