CHAPTER 11th goal; sustainable cities and communities there are

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

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I.1 Background

            As we all know that for the next
twelve years, there is this program where takes all of the countries in this
planet of earth to cooperate and take risk for a better life. The program named
Sustainable Development Goals or known as SDGs. Sustainable Development Goals are
a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that
all people enjoy peace and prosperity (UNDP, 2015).  Sustainable Development Goals have 17 goals
and 169 targets, all of the goals and the targets are built after the previous
program called Millennium Development Goals
known as MDGs that have not succeeded 100%. The 17 goals are no poverty, zero
hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean
water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic
growth, industry, innovation,  and
infrastructure,  reduced inequalities,
sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production,
climate action, life below water, life on land, peace, justice and strong
institution, partnerships for the goals.       And
by all of the 17 goals I am going to take a discussion on the 11th goal;
sustainable cities and communities.

            In the 11th goal; sustainable cities
and communities there are eleven targets and those are by 2030 ensure access
for all to adequate,  safe and affordable
housing and basic services and upgrade slums, provide access to safe,
affordable and accessible and sustainable transport system for all, improving road safety,
notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of
those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older
persons, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for
participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and
management in all countries, Strengthen efforts
to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage,
significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and
substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross
domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a
focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations, reduce the
adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special
attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management, provide
universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in
particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities,
and many more. With those goals and targets at least we can do the realization
about 50% and make it sustain.

I.2 Problem Formulation

1.     
How Pancasila and constitution of Indonesia in supporting as a consideration of one of the SDGs goals?

2.     
How far Indonesia has contributed in SDGs especially in
sustaining cities and communities?

I.3
Purpose of the Writing

To make, especially the youngsters realize
how important to organize everything in our earth for a better life.

 

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSIONS

 

II.1 Pancasila and Constitution of Indonesia as a Consideration on Sustainable Cities and Communities

A city is a time machine, displaying signs of the past if we but look for them. One obvious sign is the old building or monument
focusing. Present attention on past events that shaped the city. Less evident
are special of thinking and acting, patterns of value and behavior rooted in
choices made in earlier days on the basic questions of how people should live  (Wirtt, 1978). Extreme poverty is often comcentrated in urban spaces,
and national and city governments’ strugle to accomodate the rising population
in these areas. Making cities safe and sustainable means ensuring accsess to
safe and affordable housing, and upgrading slum settlements. It also involves
invenstment in public transport, creating green public spaces, and improving
urban planning and management in a way that is both participatory and
inclusinve. To response over the goal of 
sustainable cities and communities, “We strongly recommend that a comprehensive,
long-term and focused political commitment and leadership is promoted at the
global, regional, national and local levels, for the achievement of the SDG 11
and other Sustainable Development Goals, by operationalizing a new urban agenda
for inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable cities and human settlements” (the
Asia-Pacific National Government Delegations, 2015). Especially in the
capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta,  this
kind of issue is a very serious problem. Because of Jakarta is a central of
Indonesia government, than Indonesia need a quick start but this physical urban
need a serious consideration over Pancasila as Indonesia ideology and the 1945
constitution of Indonesia.

First, there are five points of Pancasila points or
principles; 1) Belief in the One and Only God (in Indonesian Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa), 2) A just and civilized humanity (in
Indonesian Kemanusiaan Yang Adil dan
Beradab), 3)  A unified Indonesia
(in Indonesian Persatuan Indonesia),
4) Democracy, led by the wisdom of the
representatives of the People (in Indonesian Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebijaksanaan, Dalam
Permusyawaratan Perwakilan), 5) Social justice for all Indonesians (in Indonesian Keadilan
Sosial bagi seluruh Rakyat Indonesia). In point number one of Believe in
the One and Only God as a one point of the consierations on make the urban city
in Indonesia need public worships but these worship places need to be very
clean and accessible for all Indonesia citizens and for every worship places
need at least one communities who will maintain or take care on the place and
holding a program or event that support Indonesia citizens to believe on God,
so they have a guide for not only their life but for surround them. Point
number two, a just and civilized humanity, In a period of developing sustainable
city especially for the developers as government and we as youngster do not
mislead our power and laws. Because, if we mislead them then, how to make this
at least our own country, Indonesia as a better place for life in the future.
It is only make our nation and country even worse for a place to live in. Point
number three, A unified Indonesia. On a mission in sustaining everthing for
this country and cities of Indonesia there is need to be a unity of the
citizens itself ofcourse. Like it said on Indonesia’s motto or slogan “Bhineka
Tunggal Ika” that means unity in diversity. As we all know that Indonesia has
so many ethnics, languages, islands, and many more. So, by uniting of our
differences could make it strong to reach our goal on sustaining cities and
communities. Point number four, Democracy, led by the wisdom of the
representatives of the People. Related to point number two; democracy
definitely needed but who is going to get a hold and control this democracy
besides the citizens? Government. It was all begins by power and dominations.
Indonesia need a person, a leader, who can get a hold of the power and contol
it by not mislead law or anything. Pure politic is fair, safe and ethical. So
the leader need to be very pay attenion on what he or she going to do and able
to accept citizens aspiration without ignoring country’s principles and contitutions
or even laws. Point number five, social justice for all Indonesians, this point is like a conclussion of 
four previos points and one of the targets on goal of sustainable cities
and communities but with larger explanation.

            Indonesia also supporting the
sustainable development goals by confirming the regulation of the goals program
in Presidential Decree of Indonesia No. 59 as for the Impimentation of
Sustainable Development Goals. As In article number fifthteen, verse one, we
can conclude that on a mission of achieving sustaianble developmnet goals
especially in every province; in arranging the program of region action for
every five yers, the governor work together with the regent or mayor of the
region by involving CSOs, philanthropy, business actors, academics, and other
relevant actors. So the goals must be arranged very neat because, if we want
the program or goals being achieved then 
all of the actors of this program should work very organized and could
finished the program on time.

            So, from all of the explanation
above we can get a conclussion that susatainable cities and communities target
could be achieved if Indonesia really into it by conseidering Pancasila as
Indonesia ideology, regulations, and laws and by involving for every region and
provinces of Indonesia work together in a very organized way and finish the
goals or targets on time so Indonesia can be a place where humans could live in
a cities or a region where the communities work together with the citizens safely,
healthty and peacefully.

 

II.2 How Far Indonesia Has Contributed Sustaining Cities and Communities

            Indonesia, especially Jakarta as
the main city of Indonesia. In a presentation by Oswar Mungkasa, 2016; there are
many programs of Jakarta in sustaining the cities and communities with five
pilars of sustainable and competitive future urban and city concept (livable city, green and resilient city, smart and
competitive).

II.2.1 Liveable City

Sustainable
livable city as 1) A Just City, where justice, food,
shelter, education, health and hope are fairly distributed and where all people
participate n government; 2) A
Beautiful City, where art, architecture and landscape spark the imagination and
move spirit; 3) A
Creative City, where open-mindedness and experimentation mobilize the full
potential of its human resources and allows a fast response to change; 4) An Ecological City,
which minimizes its ecological impact, where landscape and built form are
balanced and where buildings and infrastructures are safe and
resource-efficient; 5) A
City of Easy Contact and Mobility, which protects the countryside, focuses and
integrates communities within neighborhoods and maximizes proximity (Clement-Croome, 2012). And Jakarta in a period between 2015 – 2025 could
fulfil of Urban Services Standards as well as livable city.

 

II.2.2 Green City

(Lehmann, 2010) In formulating the principles of green
urbanism there are two points; 1) energy, water, and food security, 2) social
sustainability and health community need to be part of any vision of the
future. From Lehmann paper these principles need to be adapted first in any
situation and organized so this principles could succeded in the future.

II.2.3 Resilient City

From the concept of resilient
city defined by United Nation on a paper tittled Cities For Children by, page one, This
is most likely due to the fact that resilience constitutes one specific area of
development (concerned with the capacity to withstand or recover from
disaster), while also broadly encompassing all other areas of development which
determine or
contribute to this capacity; such as health, safety, prosperity, etc (World Vision, 2016). Because of the main discussion of the
resillient city was about Jakarta, and Jakarta is an urban city then focused on
urban recillient. (Patel, 2016)
titled Defining the Resilient City (page 7-8), about urban
resilience iindicators, these indicators have
value given their recurring use as they show convergence through various
approaches: ongoing
evaluation of urban hazards and likely vulnerabilities to inform land use and
urban planning, licensing
and regulatory frameworks in conjunction with land use and urban planning,  robust
built environments to ensure safety in private and public domains, eexplicit and cross-sectoral Disaster Risk
Reduction (DRR) initiatives, capacity
of local government institutions, strong
local government linkages, strong
civil society and community networks,
and ensured human security.

II.2.4 Smart City

            In
Jakarta, there is this program and also an application called Jakarta Smart
City.
conceptualized to optimize the utility of Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) of Jakarta and the user (citizens) could understand and control the resources to maximize and sustaining public services by providing solutions. But the main principle
of smart city is effevtive and efficient. Smart City is very focused on energy
management, smart building, smart mobility, use of application, smart
infrastuture, governance management, health services, and smart society. All of
the focused aspect are to sustaining our environment, governance, living,
economy, mobility and people. I think smart society need to be on the top list
of  urban cities necessity. Because, with
smart society the city could have a great human resources by developing the
citizens learning with all of the technology which has found and familiar.

 

CHAPTER III

CLOSING

III.1 Conlussion

Sustainable Development Goals have 17 goals
and 169 targets, all of the goals and the targets are built after the previous
program called Millennium Development Goals
known as MDGs that have not succeeded 100%. The 17 goals are no poverty, zero
hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean
water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic
growth, industry, innovation,  and
infrastructure,  reduced inequalities,
sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production,
climate action, life below water, life on land, peace, justice and strong
institution, partnerships for the goals. Those goals are
supposed to be finished at least by the end of 2030.

On this discussion, the main topic
here is the sustainable cities and community. Extreme
poverty is often comcentrated in urban spaces, and national and city
governments’ strugle to accomodate the rising population in these areas. Making
cities safe and sustainable means ensuring accsess to safe and affordable
housing, and upgrading slum settlements. It also involves invenstment in public
transport, creating green public spaces, and improving urban planning and
management in a way that is both participatory and inclusinve.

With Pancasila and constitution of
Indonesia as a consideration on supporting the sustainablity of cities and
communities, Target could
be achieved if Indonesia really into it by consedering Pancasila as Indonesia
ideology, regulations, and laws and by involving for every region and provinces
of Indonesia work together in a very organized way and finish the goals or
targets on time so Indonesia can be a place where humans could live in a cities
or a region where the communities work together with the citizens safely,
healthty and peacefully. And for an example of a program to sustaining cities
and communities that still on work is this one popular program and application called
Jakarta Smart City and if this progran could work smoothly, Indonesia or at
least Jakarta could achieve one of the SDGs goals.

III.2
Suggestion

For all the youngsters in Indonesia. The future of
Indonesia is in our hand and especially to whom that having a chance to
continue their higher study. Because, knowledge is really precious and could
give so many benefits to our living. But, with those knowledge, remember that
we need to be care for using it. Use knowledge for a better Indonesia. And with
a chance of being a younger person and productive use those strength to build
communities to help others in a work of sustaining cities and communities.