Background: for various reasons, unfortunately in my opinion the

Ethnic tension in Rwanda


To really understand how the Hutu people became so hostile
and violent towards the Tutsis group, we have to go back to when Rwanda was
still colonized by Belgium. Rwanda’s colonial period, in which the Belgians
favored the minority Tutsis over Hutu, aggravated
the affinity for very few Hutu people to oppress (Rwanda Genocide). According
to Rwanda Genocide, it created a tensions to what we now know led up to the
Independence of Rwanda and later on the tragic event of April 6, 1994.
Unfortunately the ethnic oppression and violence continued years after Rwanda
was independent already. In 1973 a military group appointed Habyarimana as sole
leader of the country for the next two decades; until forces of Rwandese
Patriotic Front invaded, most of them being Tutsis refugees (Rwanda Genocide).
As violence broke out it was more and more apparent that it was a matter of
time until the Hutu, being majority of the population would forcefully take
control. Like predicted, August 1993 President Juvenal Habyarimana signed an
agreement, calling for a creation of transition government that would
incorporate both (NRMD) National Revolutionary Movement for Development and
(RPF) Rwandese Patriotic Front ( This split governmental power
sharing infuriated the Hutu extremists, how then took matters in their own hands
(Rwanda Genocide). It would  

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

of the Tutsis



history groups of people have tried to kill one another for various reasons,
unfortunately in my opinion the human race has once again failed in protesting
for international human peace. In 1994 the international community together
shut there eyes blind towards the massacre of hundreds of people (Deutsche).  The Rwandan Genocide not only showed
vulnerability of its government but also that of others (Epstein). The massacre
escalated between two ethnic groups the Hutu, which were majority of the
population and the Tutsis; how remained as the minority. The major milestone
that escalated the civil war between the two groups was the attack that took
place on April 6, 1994 when the plane of the president of Rwanda was blown off
the sky. Although, the plan of the Hutu militia to eliminate the Tutsis was
already widely known by the public; since it had been broadcasted on the radio
before (Epstein). Their plan of exterminating the Tutsis people had been long
been masterminded before the incident of April 6, 1994. In fact, hours after
the plane crash of President Juvenal Habyarimanya barricade posts were put all
around the capital city and its citizens were obligated to show identification
papers in order to pass. Sure enough if you were Tutsis, you were gunned down
on the spot, According to Epstein, as the country collapsed soon enough reports
of killings spread through all around the country, funny enough the death tolls
were not only of Tutsis people but also those of moderate Hutu people. The
extermination went as followed, if you were a Hutu and didn’t participate on
the killings of the Tutsis, you as well were gunned down; their system of
killing was so affective and well organized that they would round people by the
mass in order to have a more impactful casualty (Epstein).


International response

“In September 1998, the International
Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) issued the first convict for genocide after
a trial, declaring Jean-Paul Akayesu guilty acts he engaged in and oversaw as
major of the Rwandan town of Taba” (Rwanda Genocide). Today there is there
enough evidence to show that the International community had multiple warnings
to have prevented the genocide or at least reduce the casualties of people
killed (Deutsche). According to Deutsche article, communicated messages from
U.N officials in Rwanda stated that the country only deteriorated on daily
basis. In fact, these telegrams were just one of many that alerted of the
situation on the ground. By the time the killings started to occur and the U.N
officials understood its seriousness, U.N personnel that resided in Rwanda
started to flee the country as they watched the local Rwandese people get
slaughtered (Deutsche).  There is no
doubt that the deaths of thousands of people attribute to the fault of the
international community, especially once you acknowledge their failure to
prevent the massacre due to lack of media coverage (Deutsche).  Finally, we are able to conclude that the
organized movement aimed to overthrow the government for social or political
gain by the use of armed conflicts; classifies as a classical insurgency
(Ford).  It’s said that history repeats
itself, and that acts against human rights such as the occurrence of the Rwanda
genocide was just once more a failure of the world. In memory of its tragedy,
after the genocide-ended officials of the country visited places around the
country were these horrific crimes were committed to witness first hand. Now as
our generation progresses it is our duty to never let our world shut an eye to
genocide again.