AssignmentCommittee: was predominantly metallic wastes (52% of the waste

AssignmentCommittee: General Assembly-2(The Economic and Financial Committee) Topic: Sustainable Development Responsibilities of Consumers and ProducersCountry: Czech Republic
1: Make a brief introduction on the situation of production and consumption waste in your country and related domestic regulations.    The Czech Republic mainly consists of industrial sectors such as machinery manufacturing, chemicals, metallurgy, textiles, footwear, wood processing, glass making and beer brewing. Therefore, most of us are confronted with the production of industrial, construction, biodegradable, hazardous, and many other types of waste on a daily basis.The statistical survey found that the total generation of waste in the Czech Republic was 29.4 million tonnes in 2005, in particular construction and demolition waste, consumption of textile wastes, iron-containing waste and glass waste. Also, according to the statistical waste survey, the Czech Republic imported 115.3 thousand tonnes of waste in 2005, of which 114.1 thousand tonnes from EU member states and 1.2 thousand tonnes from non-EU countries. It was predominantly metallic wastes (52% of the waste imported), rubber and plastic wastes, cullet waste and textile wastes.     Due to their specific properties and varying degrees of environmental risk, each waste flow requires a specific treatment method. The basic rules for waste treatment are set out by the Waste Act and its executive regulations. The goals and targets for the various waste treatment methods and the optimum ways of achieving them are set out by the Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 , which was published in the form of a Government Regulation in compliance with the Waste Act. Its implementation is reviewed annually by means of an Assessment Report, published on the Ministry website. Regional waste management plans and the waste management plans of waste producers in the entire country have to comply to the Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic.     In 2015-2014, there are 4 Strategic waste management objectives of the Czech Republic, include prevention and reduction of specific waste production,minimizing of adverse effects of waste generation and waste management on human health and the environment, sustainable development of the society and moving closer towards the European “recycling society”and maximum utilization of waste as a substitute for primary sources and the transition to the circular economy.?2. What measures have your country taken to restrict production pollution emission?     Pollution emission is mainly about the production of toxic/harmful/greenhouse gases and discharge of polluted water into water courses, rivers, lakes and the sea. In recent years, the environmental protection in the Czech Republic has achieved outstanding results. For example, the concentration of major air pollutants has been declining year after year, and its indicators have approached or exceeded the average levels of the EU and OECD countries. The concentration of total suspended particulates and sulfur dioxide in the Czech Republic was only 10.6% and 14.3% respectively. At the same time, carbon dioxide, decreased by 26%.?       In 1992, the Czech Republic enacted the Environmental Law. On this basis, the government and the parliament annually formulate specific provisions governing the pollution of the atmosphere, water and garbage, such as the Environmental Impact Assessment Law and the Waste Disposal Law, according to actual conditions. The Czech Republic also set up a special environmental law enforcement agency to punish and regulate enterprises and individuals that violate the relevant provisions. In addition, the Czech government also adopted some specific industry measures to reduce the negative impact of the industrialization process on the environment. For example, we have been replacing lignite and bituminous coal with clean sources of energy in the generation of electricity. At present, the output of both lignite and bituminous coal is about half that of 1990. To prevent the destruction of the ozone layer, the Czech Republic completely stopped production and use of freons in 1997. Through remediation, 98% of severe air pollution sources and over 90% of medium-level air pollution sources have met emission targets.?
3. Does your country have any regulations regarding sustainability claims? If yes, what are the regulations? If no. what relative regulations can possibly be adopted in your country?   There is no regulation regarding sustainability claims in Czech Republic. In my opinion?the Czech government can establish a set of procurement standards that stipulate that central government departments, central government purchasers and their contractors must comply with this standard when purchasing goods and services. This purchasing standard may include a series of minimum compulsory standards that incorporate the specifications of the tenders and the performance of the contract. For example? all textile fabrics or products containing textile fabrics must prove to be from a sustainable source. Moreover, the government may require the product to be labeled with a sustainable development label?for exemple?the government  adopt a label on a shirt state that the cotton used was grown in a sustainable farm.
4. In the fast fashion industry, what character does your country represent (producers or consumers)? On behalf of this character, what can your country do reduce the damage to the environment?   Czech Republic is mainly a producer of fast fashion. To reduce the damage to the environment , the government should Provide allowance to some store, like Bohempia, to let them provide more environmentally friendly clothing to the market .Bohempia is EU-sourced, PETA-certified vegan hemp clothing, accessories and shoes, 100% processed, designed and manufactured in the Czech Republic. Hemp, as well as being anti-microbial, can also be grown with far less water and pesticides compared to cotton, which is why it is considered one of the most sustainable natural textiles. Bohempia makes simple but stylish clothes in basic colors that can be worn in any season, meaning they will live long beyond the short lifespan of a fashion trend.   I suggest to reduce the waste production. It is focused on the use of the latest available techniques, on maximum reuse of waste within the production process as a replacement of feedstock, on support of non-waste technologies in order to limit the production of waste as much as possible mainly in the manufacturing processes.    Then,the dissolution of waste textiles offers the opportunity to reuse large quantities of waste for textile production. The new technology recycles cellulosic fiber textiles, not only out of landfill constraints, but also helps to promote the efficient use of materials   Also, the Czech government can give environmental education, and constantly enhance people’s environmental awareness. Through organizing various environmental exhibitions, seminars, film festivals and other promotional activities, we advocate that all citizens should jointly support and participate in the cause of environmental protection.?