Argumentative it can weaken intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation may

Argumentative Paper Outline

 

Introduction

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The
common notion is that rewards will elicit the desired outcomes from employees,
students, etc. However, this notion is debatable as many opponents believe that
the provision of rewards diminishes one’s intrinsic motivation and therefore
decreases performance. Research on the Self Determination Theory shows us that
autonomy, competence, and relatedness are important psychological needs for
fostering intrinsic motivation. Different sources state that extrinsic motivation
crowd out intrinsic motivations that are needed to produce the desired
behavior. Some conflicts that arise are monetary incentives may change how some
tasks are perceived, if not large enough it can change cause undesirable
effects on behavior, and if incentives are a short term which can weaken
motivation. This will cause the extrinsic reward to be ineffective leading to
poor performance.

 

When
and Why Incentives (Don’t) Work to Modify Behavior:

 

Many
people have the belief that incentives matter and lead to more effort and
higher performance. Incentives have become popular in behavioral interventions.
People may argue that incentives such as monetary can be helpful in acquiring
the desired behavior. Others argue that incentives can backfire, because
extrinsic incentives may have a negative effect and crowd out intrinsic
motivations that are important to producing the desired behavior.  Some of the negative effects can change the
perception of tasks, if the monetary incentive isn’t large it can lead to
undesirable behavior, and if it’s short term it can weaken intrinsic
motivation. Extrinsic motivation may achieve a goal in the short term but will
have a major effect on long-term goals. An example that the article used was
getting children to read. Extrinsic motivation will help a child accomplish
that short-term goal, but will be counterproductive as an incentive to get
children to enjoy and seek reading throughout their lifetime. The article
discusses research literature on three important examples in which monetary
incentives have been used in a nonemployment context to foster the desired
behavior: education; increasing contributions to public goods; and helping
people change their lifestyles (pg 192.)

 

Motivation
and Education: The Self-Determination Perspective:

 

The main
concern of the Self Determination Theory in education is to promote an interest
in learning, the value of education, and confidence in one’s capabilities. This
causes the individual to be intrinsically motivated, internalize values and
regulatory processes. The article discusses research that supports that these
processes produce high-quality learning and conceptual understanding that
enhances personal growth. It also describes the social contextual factors which
nurture intrinsic motivation and promotes internalization leading to the
desired outcome (pg 325.)

 

Using
Self Determination Theory Principles to Promote Engineering Students’ Intrinsic
Motivation to Learn:

 

Students
who are intrinsically motivated are able to learn more and tend to retain
knowledge longer than students who aren’t. Research done on the Self
Determination Theory shows us the framework of motivation that can be applied.
The SDT is based on three psychological needs such as autonomy, competence, and
relatedness. People want to control their own choices and exercise their
freedom to choose whatever they believe is in their best interest. People need
knowledge and skills in order to succeed. The last component is relatedness
which is the sense of belonging and shared purpose. Engineer students were
given the option to choose a design projects and homework problems to complete
instead of having the mandatory midterm exams and homework assignments. Over
the course of the semester students were given more autonomy, eventually, the
reached the level of autonomy of the final design project like a senior
capstone design course. The program was designed to give students the sense of
competence and relatedness.

An
Investigation of the Unique, Synergistic and Balanced Relationship between
basic Psychological Needs and Intrinsic Motivation:

 

The
purpose of the article was to investigate the relationship between
psychological need satisfaction and intrinsic motivation. There are three
hypotheses that were tested regarding the relationship between need
satisfaction and intrinsic motivation. The three were additive, synergistic,
and balance. The more complex and interesting the work is the higher the
intrinsic motivation. The Self Determination Theory supports that intrinsic motivation
is present when employees fulfill their psychological needs such as autonomy,
competence, and relatedness. The theory states that it is human nature for
people to be curious, exhibit interest, and need fulfillment that contributes
to feelings of success which are personally satisfying and rewarding.

 

 

Achievement
Goals and Intrinsic Motivation: A Meta-Analytic Review:

 

Intrinsic
motivation is what drives people to reach goals. There have been many research studies
done on the effects of performance and achieve on intrinsic motivation. Most show
that there is a link between achievement and intrinsic motivation. There are two
distinct forms of achievement goals are mastery goals and performance goals. Mastery
goals is the focus on the development competence and task mastery, whereas performance
goals focuses on the demonstration of competence compared to others (Pg 326.)

 

 

Intrinsic
Motivation:

 

Intrinsic
motivation is internally based on one’s interest in the activity. There are no
external rewards that drive an individual to be intrinsically motivated.

 

 

 

Conclusion
(4-6 sentences)

End
with a conclusion that suggests the larger importance of this issue, and why
your readers should support your thesis statement. Create a final statement
that is powerful and memorable.