1. in critically ill patients: a multinational, multicenter study.


1. Uchino S, Kellum JA, Bellomo R, Doig GS, Morimatsu H, Morgera S,
Schetz M, Tan I, Bouman C, Macedo E, Gibney N, Tolwani A, Ronco C, Beginning
and Ending Supportive Therapy for the Kidney (BEST Kidney) Investigators. Acute
renal failure in critically ill patients: a multinational, multicenter study. JAMA.
2005 Aug 17; 294(7):813-8.

2.  Hui-Stickle S, Brewer ED, Goldstein SL.
Pediatric ARF epidemiology at a tertiary care center from 1999 to 2001. Am J
Kidney Dis. 2005;45:96–101.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

3. Akcan-Arikan A,
Zappitelli M, Loftis LL, Washburn KK, Jefferson LS, Goldstein SL. Modified
RIFLE criteria in critically ill children with acute kidney injury. Kidney Int.

4. Symons JM, Chua
AN, Somers MJ, Baum MA, Bunchman TE, Benfield MR, et al. Demographic
characteristics of pediatric continuous renal replacement therapy: a report of
the prospective pediatric continuous renal replacement therapy registry. Clin J
Am Soc Nephrol. 2007;2:732–738.

5. Srisawat N, Hoste
EE, Kellum JA. Modern classification of acute kidney injury. Blood Purif.

6. Slater MB,
Anand V, Uleryk EM, et al. A systematic review of RIFLE criteria in children,
and its application and association with measures of mortality and morbidity.
Kidney Int. 2012;81:791–798.

7. Hoste EA,
Kellum JA. Incidence, classification, and outcomes of acute kidney injury.
Contrib Nephrol. 2007;156:32–38.

8. Zappitelli M,
Bernier PL, Saczkowski RS, Tchervenkov CI, Gottesman R, Dancea A, Hyder A, Alkandari
O. A small post-operative rise in serum creatinine predicts acute kidney injury
in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Kidney Int. 2009;76:885–892.

9. Basu RK, Chawla
LS, Wheeler DS, Goldstein SL. Renal angina: an emerging paradigm to identify
children at risk for acute kidney injury. Pediatric Nephrology

10.  Goldstein SL, Chawla LS. Renal angina. Clin J
Am Soc Nephrol. 2010;5:943-9.

 Pollack MM, Ruttimann UE, Getson PR: Pediatric risk of mortality (PRISM) score. Crit Care Med 16: 1110–1116, 1988

12.       Kellum JA, 
Lameire N,  Aspelin P, et al.
KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Acute Kidney Injury 2012, Kidney Int
Suppl , 2012, vol. 2 (pg. 1-138)

13.       Schwartz GJ, Work DF: Measurement and
estimation of GFR in children and adolescents. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2009;4:

14.       Goldstein SL, Currier
H, Graf C et al. Outcome in children receiving continuous venovenous
hemofiltration. Pediatrics 2001; 107: 1309–1312.

15.       Basu RK , Zappitelli
M, Brunner L et al.  . Derivation and
validation of the renal angina index to improve the prediction of acute kidney
injury in critically ill children. Kidney Int 2014; 85: 659–667.

16. Schneider J, Khemani R, Grushkin C, Bart R. Serum creatinine as
stratified in the RIFLE score for acute kidney injury is associated with
mortality and length of stay for children in the pediatric intensive care unit.
Crit Care Med. 2010;38(3):933-9.

17. Bailey D, Phan V, Litalien C, Ducruet T, Mérouani A, Lacroix J,
Gauvin F. Risk factors of acute renal failure in critically ill children: A
prospective descriptive epidemiological study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan;

18. Michael M, Kuehnle I,
Goldstein SL. Fluid overload and acute renal failure in pediatric stem cell
transplant patients. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Jan; 19(1):91-5.

19. Ostermann M, Straaten HM, Forni LG. Fluid overload and acute
kidney injury: cause or consequence? Crit Care. 2015;19:443.


20. Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Rhodes A, et al.
Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of severe
sepsis and septic shock: 2012. Crit Care Med. 2013;41:580–637.

21. Kwiatkowski DM, Goldstein SL, Krawczeski CD. Biomarkers of acute
kidney injury in pediatric cardiac patients. Biomark Med. 2012 Jun;

22. Al-Ismaili Z, Palijan A, Zappitelli M. Biomarkers of acute
kidney injury in children: discovery, evaluation, and clinical application. Pediatr
Nephrol. 2011 Jan; 26(1):29-40.